One of the many phenomena that made me travel in some completely nonlinear route to be doing what I am doing today are spider webs or how spiders construct their webs. I remember reading years ago about a study on the effects of drugs on spiders behavior while building their webs. I was fascinated at the time of course….
In fact the study goes back to late 40’s when Peter Witt, a German-Swiss zoologist working with spiders, became annoyed by the fact that his animal model build its web between 2am and 5am. He asked a friend for help: decided to use drugs to influence animal’s behavior expecting the spider to build its web in a more appropriate hour.
Witt’s intentions did not succeed but he observed that web geometry of the drugged spiders changed. After that he went on trying different drugs, changed some physical quantities like temperature and light exposure conditions and observed the effect on spider web construction (for a review).
The behavior induced by these drugs resulted in different patterns of web geometry. The webs built tended to be specific according to the drug taken. In some cases the web kept its size but were also observed radius irregularities or spiral spacing changes, in other cases the web became irregular and the spiral-like pattern was lost. Other reported effects were changes on thread thickness, web-building frequency and size of catching area.
You can find more on spider web construction here. Here you can also read about some students experiments ….take a look ,) There is one on Arabella and Anita, two spiders launched into space.
Featured image: Coupe de l’encéphale sur le plan médian
Author: N. H. Jacob Date: 1834 ca. Description: Coupe de l’encéphale sur le plan médian. Le crâne a été scié verticalement dans toutes sa hauteure sur le plan median, de manière à montrer la face interne de l’émisphère cérébral droit dans toute son étendue. Dessiné d’après nature par N. H. Jacob. Technique: Lithographic drawing Source: Traité complet de l’anatomie de l’homme comprenant la médecine opératoire / par le Dr Bourgery ; avec planches lithographiées d’après nature par N.H. Jacob. – Paris : C.A. Delaunay, 1834. – 8 Vol. : il. ; 45 cm. – I-V. Anatomie descriptive ou physiologique ; VI-VII. Iconographie d’anatomie chirurgicale et de médecine opératoire ; VIII. Embryogénie, anatomie philosophique et anatomie microscopique. Faculty of Medicine’s Library (IA/RES 354 C, Table 27). Image and caption provided by: Silvia Di Marco and Pedro Bidarra Silva, FCUL